Creator: Nitiesh Kumar

Types Of Soil in India

Alluvial Soil

The alluvium is loose clay, silt, sand, or gravel that has been deposited by running water in a stream bed, on a floodplain, in an alluvial fan or beach, or in similar settings.

Black Cotton Soil.

Black cotton soil is very favourable for the cultivation of cotton. It is called black cotton soil because it is black and formed by the presence of titaniferous magnetite.

Red & Yellow Soil

The colours of these distinct soils are named after them. Red soil gets its colour from crystallised iron found in its composition. When the soil is moistened, it turns yellow.
Laterite is a soil and rock type rich in iron and aluminium that is thought to have formed in hot and humid tropical areas.

Laterite Soil

Mountainous or Forest Soil

Forest and mountain soils occur not only at higher elevations but also at lower elevations that have sufficient rainfall.
Arid or desert soil is also known as Aridisols. It is derived from the Latin term aridus, which means “dry,” and solum. This soil type develops in dry or semi-arid climates.

Arid or Desert Soil

Saline and Alkaline Soil

Saline and alkali soils are soils that have been harmed by soluble salts, consisting mainly of sodium, calcium, magnesium, and chloride.
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